Welcome to Technology Tuesday! Every week The Job Shop Blog will bring you our 5 top science and technology news stories from around the web.
This week: IBM creates artificial neurons, for the first time AI diagnoses a disease saving a woman’s life, architects and urban planners explore what a Mars colony might look like, US government gives private company permission to land on the moon for the first time, and MIT releases over 2200 free online courses.
IBM Makes Artificial Neurons for Cognitive Computing
Scientists at IBM have claimed a computational breakthrough after imitating large populations of neurons for the first time.
Neurons are electrically excitable cells that process and transmit information in our brains through electrical and chemical signals. These signals are passed over synapses, specialised connections with other cells.
It’s this set-up that inspired scientists at IBM to try and mirror the way the biological brain functions using phase-change materials for memory applications.
AI Diagnoses Leukemia, Saving Life
Japanese doctors have for the first time used artificial intelligence (AI) to detect a type of leukemia, which helped to save a patient’s life as the disease had gone undetected using conventional methods.
The University of Tokyo’s Institute of Medical Science has successfully employed the new method of diagnosis, which includes a computer programme capable of analysing a huge volume of medical data, Arinobu Tojo, a member of the medical team, told Efe news on Friday.
Future Mars City to be Printed in Mojave Desert
Growing up in Jakarta’s polluted slums, Vera Mulyani loved building things. As a child, she dreamed of becoming an architect.
More than two decades later, Mulyani is a self-proclaimed “Marschitect,” and spends her time brainstorming how human life might be sustained on the red planet. After studying at École d’Architecture de Nantes in France and at New York Film Academy, in January 2015 she founded Mars City Design, a think tank of sorts aimed at developing blueprints for the first self-sustaining city on Mars.
Private Company Gets First Ever Permission for Moon Landing from US Govt.
A Florida-based company won U.S. government permission on Wednesday to send a robotic lander to the moon next year, the firm’s founder said, marking the first time the United States has cleared a private space mission to fly beyond Earth’s orbit.
The Federal Aviation Administration’s unprecedented go-ahead for the Moon Express mission also sets a legal and regulatory framework for a host of other commercial expeditions to the moon, asteroids and Mars.